National Education Policy 2020 explained

  • Let’s talk about the new National Education Policy 2020.
  • Education is a very dynamic field, and it constantly evolves as time passes by, so there is no better time than now to revolutionize our education system also.
  • Parliament passed the first education policy in 1968.
  • Second National Education Policy was framed in 1986 and modified in 1992 by P.V. Narsimharao Govt. 
  • 2020 National Education Policy is the third NEP after 1986, and more than three decades have passed since the second NEP.

What is National Education Policy?

  • NEP is a comprehensive framework to guide the development of education in the country.
  • The latest policy is India’s third education policy reform after 1986 in the last 34 years.
  • The education sector needs to gear itself towards the demands of the 21st Century and the needs of the people and the country.
  • For any education system to be successful, there are three essential pillars, first Quality, second Innovation, and third Research.
  • So India definitely needed a new Education Policy for a long time, and this is the time to move in that direction.
  • New NEP has a bold vision, and it will make the child’s life easier and give them flexibility and a chance to take multidisciplinary courses.
  • Now Students can take a break from study and come back again and continue with it.
  • New NEP policy formulation started around 2015 by Human Resource Development ministry.
  • In this new policy, more than 29,000 citizens gave their inputs on MyGov.in, and more than 15,000 students submitted their suggestions through the CBSE’s portal.

Key Takeaway Points:

  1. Opening up Indian higher education to foreign universities and invite them to set up their campuses in India. To tie-up with the world’s top 100 universities.
  2. Dismantling UGC (University Grant Commission) and AICTE (All India Council for Technical Education)
  3. Introduction of a 4-year multidisciplinary undergraduate program with multiple exit option 
  4. Discontinuation of M.Phil degree.

For School education

  •  More focus on making the curriculum easy.
  • Reduction in the syllabus to retain core essentials so that students do not feel overburdened and bored.
  • More focus on practical and experimental learning which help them to develop critical thinking. 
  • The current school policy focuses on a 10+2 structure, but the new education policy will pitch for 5+3+3+4 design.
  • 5 – for 3 to 8 age groups, kids focus on the foundational stage.
  • 3 – 8-11 age groups and focus on the preparatory stage.
  • 3 – 11-14 age groups and middle stage
  • 4 – 14-18 age groups with a focus on secondary education.
  • The unique point is pre-school education for children ages 3 to 5.
  • Mid-day meal programs will be extended to pre-school children.
  • Until class 5, students be taught in their mother tongue or regional language.

Govt. is aiming to fully implement this new education policy by 2040 and phase out single streams concept and focus on a multidisciplinary approach. 

What is 4-year multidisciplinary bachelor’s program?

  • The 4-year undergraduate degree program will give a chance to students focus on research and hands-on experience.
  • Students can exit after one year with a certificate, after 2-years with a diploma, after 3-years with a bachelor’s degree, and 4-year program include a certain amount of research work in the final year.
  • M.Phil program is going to go away gradually, which in the current situation provides a bridge between the master and Ph.D. program.

How to focus on multiple disciplines?

Word’s top 20 best universities have a very strong science and humanity departments, for example, MIT, Harvard, Oxford, and Yale, some of the top universities in word, focus on providing multiple subject options to students so that students can study psychology with economics or engineering with environmental science. 

For example, a civil or mechanical engineer who is an expert on the construction and automobile industry does not know the basics of environmental science and the social impact of building a dam, bridge, or any heavy machinery. 

Many engineers are also becoming entrepreneurs; should they not know something about economics and management.

Another good example is Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg who was a psychology major though he took mostly computer science.

How be these reforms implemented?

  1. New education policy will provide a broad direction.
  2. Not mandatory to follow.
  3. Both center and state governments can make laws in it.
  4. Govt. has set a target of 2040 to implement the entire policy.
  5. Funding is also crucial.
  6. Subject-wise committees with members from relevant ministries at both the central and state levels will be formed.

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